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Editor: Nagaraj.M.R....vol.4 . issue.47......22/11/2008
TO PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS OF INNOCENTS VISIT ,http://www.amnesty.org
Editorial : KILLER COLAS & KILLER MEDICINES OF
Government officials murdering innocents in league with greedy industrialists
It is not the first time that , the harmful effects of colas – food beverages are made public. The government is aiding the cola companies in covering-up their crimes , in hiding harmful ingradients of their products in the name of trade secrets. The government is yet to enact a new food legislation making it mandatory for all manufacturers of food items to specifgically mention the type & quantity of ingradients on each food product. Even , under the present food Act itself the government officials can ban the harmful colas & other products in the interest of public health & lives. Then how will they get kickbacks ?
The cola companies are so cunning & ruthless that they have used muscle power – rowdies , corrupt police personnel & assaulted harmless peaceful protestors. The cola companies have purchased justice previously in kerala & got favourable judgement. Due to presence of cola companies , under water table has depleted in surrounding villages. The farmers are unable to grow their crops & are committing suicides. One of the senior executive of a cola company – BEJOIS , MADE MURDER THREATS , FIX-UPS IN FALSE CASES TO EDITOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH'S and even made false complaint to police , but repeatedly failed to turn-up for enquiry fearing that truth will come out. The police closed the case subsequently.
Just a few months back , there was a programme called "bad medicine" on BBC channel , where in the drugs controller for
Previously HRW has appealed to government authorities including supreme court of
The following statistics may not give
As per data released by the European Commission on Monday,
Next to Switzerland and India, the United Arab Emirates comes third with 15% of the total amount seized, according to the survey titled, '2007 customs seizure of counterfeit goods at EU's external border'. In 2006,
Overall, as per the 2007 survey,
Also, in 2005, based on the European Commission's Taxation and Custom
The EU, in its statement issued in 2007, said, "Health and safety are a big issue, as witnessed by the sizeable figures relating to seizures of pharmaceutical products. The emergence of
In 2007, customs registered over 43,000 cases of fake goods seized at the EU's external border, compared to 37,000 in 2006.
The number of articles seized decreased from last year's peak of 128 million articles to around 79 million. This is due to a growing number of seizures involving smaller quantities of counterfeit and pirated articles. However, cigarettes and clothing continue to be faked in large quantities and there has been a worrying increase in sectors that are potentially dangerous to consumers like medicines, electrical equipment, and personal care products, EU said in its statement.
Enraged by the increasing fake drug supply, the European Commission had launched a public consultation on the dangers of counterfeit drugs and had invited ideas to be submitted for regulatory reform. As per foreign media reports, the commission plans to plug in the deficiencies in the supply chain integrity through strict adherence to Good Distribution Practice (GDP), Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) standards and transparency in the distribution chain.
Action on fake drugs urged by WHO
A global taskforce to fight drug counterfeiting needs to be set up, the World Health Organization has said.
Fake drugs are thought to account for one in 10 drugs sold worldwide, and medicines counterfeiting is a growing and lucrative business, it says.
It urged customs, police and drug enforcements agencies to shut down the sophisticated production networks.
The call comes as a meeting of regulatory, pharmaceutical and consumer representatives takes place in
Howard Zucker, the assistant director-general for the WHO for health technology and pharmaceuticals, said fake drugs could be deadly.
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He said: "People don't die from carrying a fake handbag or wearing a fake t-shirt. They can die from taking a counterfeit medicine."
The WHO suggests that bar-coding medicines, increasing surveillance methods and improving both patient and healthcare worker education could help ensure fewer people take fake drugs.
The United Nations health agency also wants those charged with tracking down the culprits to work together and share more information.
Drugs counterfeiting is most common in developing countries where life-saving drugs can be sold on the streets.
But there are a growing number of cases of fake medicines being discovered in
A spokeswoman for the WHO medicines and health technology department fake Tami-flu had been found in the
"The counterfeiters are getting more sophisticated and fake drugs are now even entering the official distribution systems," she warned.
She said there was also a need for a universal approach as in some countries drug counterfeiting was not even considered a crime or was thought of as an offence that was not very serious.
"But this is a crime that can kill people," she said.
A spokeswoman for the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency said there had been four cases of fake drugs being discovered in
"There are nearly 650 million prescriptions issued in the
"But we recognise that there's an increasing problem, and have our own anti-counterfeiting strategy."
The agency also assists eastern European countries in their fight against drugs counterfeiting.
The spokeswoman added that a suspicious batch of anti-flu drug Tamiflu seized in the
MEDICINES THAT ARE KILLING MILLIONS OF PEOPLE
Imagine the outcry if 500 people in a developed country such as the
Their deaths represent just one documented case of a trade in illicit pharmaceuticals that claims countless lives each year. Victims, mostly among the world's poorest, unwittingly buy fake medicines that often contain toxic substances or little or no active ingredients, yet purport to combat the most common preventable killers, including malaria, tuberculosis and typhoid.
Victims, mostly among the world's poorest, unwittingly buy fake medicines that often contain no active ingredients
The scale of the problem is laid bare this month in a review published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases (vol 6, p 602). In south-east Asia, for example, half of all medicine sold is thought to be fake, much of it counterfeit versions of new anti-malaria drugs based on the molecule artemisinin, which many believe will be vital in curbing the spread of the disease. In
"We're desperately worried that these counterfeit derivatives will follow the real ones into
The World Health Organization is so worried by the trend that this November in
Experts fear the trade in counterfeit pharmaceuticals kills more people and causes more harm than the trade in illegal narcotics. And it isn't a great deal less lucrative. In 2005, the
However, no one can yet be sure how many fake drugs are sold. The pharmaceutical industry first raised the alarm 20 years ago, but law enforcement agencies, governments and charities that donate medicines have paid scant attention. As too have researchers. In his review,
What's more, a survey he conducted in Laos revealed that two out of three pharmacists and four of five consumers didn't even realise fake drugs existed. The reality is that this trade threatens to undermine global attempts to combat infectious diseases that kill 14 million people, 90 per cent of them in developing countries.
A survey in
IMPACT will initially focus its efforts in five areas: anti-counterfeiting technology; harmonising legislation; tougher enforcement; strengthening regulatory agencies; and better publicity warning consumers about fakes, says co-founder Howard Zucker, who is the WHO's assistant director-general for health technology and pharmaceuticals.
Strengthening regulatory agencies is key, argues
Zucker agrees this is a priority. "If there's no enforcement, nothing else has any teeth," he says. So too does the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, which spends millions of dollars each year providing drugs to treat these major diseases. Spokeswoman Rosie Vanek says the Global Fund has already approved requests for technical assistance to improve national drug quality-control labs and bolster regulatory authorities. Vanek also stresses that the Global Fund has established measures to "ensure to the greatest possible degree the authenticity of commodities purchased with Global Fund resources".
But Valerio Reggi of the WHO, who will coordinate IMPACT from Geneva, Switzerland, says it won't be easy to root out corruption, especially in countries where inspectors are paid so little that it is worth the risk of taking bribes to turn a blind eye to the trade.
One recommendation is to subsidise real versions of drugs so that they price counterfeiters out of the market
The pharmaceutical industry is less convinced, however. "As long as the cost per unit of a counterfeit is lower than the street price of the real thing, there will be counterfeits," says Harvey Bale, director of the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers. He points out that paracetamol (acetaminophen) and the antibiotics ampicillin and amoxycillin are the most widely counterfeited drugs in developing countries, even though they are also the cheapest.
A number of initiatives are to be unveiled in
Others include off-the-shelf legislation that nations could adopt to combat counterfeiting, while IMPACT will launch a study to assess the growing threat of fake medicines sold on the internet, and another to gauge the scale of counterfeiting in
Newton warns not to underestimate the counterfeiters, as their production techniques have become increasingly sophisticated. Often they include small amounts of the real drug to make them more difficult to spot than if they contained no active drug. This practice that promotes the development of drug resistance. "It means that bacteria or parasites see very low concentrations of the active ingredient, enough to select for resistance," says
Fake packaging is also increasingly sophisticated, says
Churning them out
• In 1995 in
• 192,000 patients in
• In North America, there have been recent reports of various counterfeits: human growth hormone; atorvastatin, which is used to lower cholesterol and treat heart disease; erythropoietin, used to alleviate anaemia; filgrastim, used to treat people who have had either leukaemia or a bone marrow transplant; and the anti-cancer drugs germcitabine and paclitaxel.
• Antiretrovirals, a long-term drug therapy that helps stop people with HIV from developing AIDS, are already being faked in central
CONTACT CENTRAL DRUGS CONTROLLER GENERAL FOR INDIA ,
firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, Shanthy.firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
COCA-COLA , PEPSI COLA & OTHER SOFT DRINK MANUFACTURERS -Are you disclosing full information to the consumers about contents of your products ? various soft drink manufacturers & bottled drinking water manufacturers draw their raw material- water from the tube wells . nowadays due to excessive usage of chemical fertilizers , pesticide , insecticides , the ground water table is polluted by these chemicals . these are very harmful for human beings. In some areas even the ground water is poisoned by arsenic & flouride . In addition the soft drink manufacturers use chemical flavours , food additives & preservatives in their products . these are also harmful to human beings above certain limits.
Some of the MNCs are practicing double standards , while in their home operations in the U.S.A they are strictly adhering to F.D.A norms as consumer safety is strictly enforced there by the government , while in
Hereby, i want following questions answered by soft drink manufacturers specifically coca-cola & pepsi,
1.how you are removing the harmful chemicals from the tube well water ie your raw material ?
2.how you are ensuring the proper mixture of food additives , preservatives & flavours within safe limits ?
3.why not you are giving the exact quantity of all contents in the soft drink of your's on the product itself ?
4. are you exactly replicating your manufacturing & quality norms of your U.S.A operations in
5.are you strictly adhering to food norms of government of
6. are you keeping the F.D.A NORMS OF U.S.A as benchmark for your operations in
7. are you ready for the laboratory test of your product randomly selected by the consumer ?
8. Are they using genetically modified food ingredients ? 9. are they using ingredients sourced from animal origins ?.
Local residents in Mehdiganj, near the holy city of
At Coca-Cola's bottling facility in Kala Dera, near Jaipur, Rajasthan, the sinking water table has created water shortages for over 50 villages. Over 2,000 people marched in August 2004 to protest Coca- Cola's practices.
In Kudus village in Thane district in
Sensing a pattern, more than 7,000 people in Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, mostly women, turned out in April 2003 to protest a proposed Coca- Cola factory in their village. Residents are justifiably worried that Coca-Cola's joint operations with a sugar mill in the area will lead to water scarcity and contamination.
GRASSROOTS STRUGGLE AGAINSTR COLAS...
THOUSANDS of people all across
1.Causing Severe Water Shortages in Communities Across
2. Polluting Groundwater and Soil Around its Bottling Facilities
3.Distributing its Toxic Waste as `Fertilizer' to Farmers
4.Selling Drinks with High Levels of Pesticides in
...STRUGGLE OF HUMANITY AGAINST COLAS
Communities living around Coca-Cola's bottling facilities are facing severe hardships. A majority of the community members affected by Coca-Cola's indiscriminate practices are also some of the most marginalized communities in India- Indigenous Peoples, lower castes, low-income and agricultural day-laborers.
PURCHASE OF JUSTICE BY COLA
New Indian Express, June 02, 2005, Thursday Did the law break the law, asks Krishna Iyer
KOCHI: Justice V R Krishna Iyer demanded a second look into the Coco Cola judgment made by the High Court on Wednesday. Alleging that the modified decision smacks of bench shopping by powerful litigant, Justice Iyer said the circumstances of the case when fully disclosed may suggest a `riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma'.
The strongly worded statement of Justice Iyer is as follows:
I have great respect for the judiciary of which I have been a member, both in Kerala and in the apex court.
But criticism of judiciary pronouncements when one considers them as aberrational is a failure of a jurist's duty to the Constitution and the non-exercise of the fundamental right of freedom of _expression. We are governed by the Constitution but it has been said that the Constitution is what the judges say it is.
This does not mean that the `robed brethren' can go haywire reduce the law to mere judicial ipse dixits. I suspect the wisdom and constitutionality of the Coco Cola judgment pronounced by the Division Bench of the Kerala High Court.
May be I am wrong or may be the concerned judges are in error. When license has been refused for the Coco Cola by the local authority which is necessary under the Municipal Law the court cannot hold
that, in certain circumstances, the license may be deemed to have been granted, thus nullifying the statute.
The procedure of invoking the jurisdiction of that court for getting an earlier decision modified smacks of `bench shopping' by a powerful litigant.
The circumstances of the case when fully disclosed, may suggest a `riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma'.
Coco Cola jurisprudence as laid down by the Court does require a second look although I must say that our judges in the High Court generally command my respect. I have not had the time to investigate
dialectically the many dimension of this pronouncement.
I must also confess that I have not fully investigated how, in the face of earlier decision, a fresh case was instituted before a different bench. This calls for a closer study of the procedure adopted and the substantive law declared when I consider curious and dubious.
In short, `Coco Cola' as a law had made an imbroglio of our writ jurisdiction and jurisprudence. Already, Prof Mohammed Ghouse long ago, in a thoughtful article, felt that the highest court has at times becomes a conscience-keeper of vested interests.
I am sure that in
Since 1989, eight union leaders from Coca-Cola bottling plants have been murdered by paramilitary forces, some of them even attacked within their factory's gates. Workers have also reported being
intimidated with threats of violence, kidnapped, tortured, and unlawfully detained by members of the paramilitary working with the blessing of, or in collaboration with, company management.
Water and land is central to agriculture and over 70% of Indians make a living related to agriculture.Water scarcity and polluted soil and water created by Coca-Cola has directly resulted in crop failures—leading to a LOSS of LIVELIHOOD for thousands of people in
Ironically, communities most impacted by Coca- Cola's bottling operations cannot even afford to buy Coca-Cola products. Coca-Cola's indiscriminate pollution of the common groundwater source is a major long-term problem. It is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to clean the groundwater resource through technology, and future generations are now subjected to drinking polluted waters courtesy Coca-Cola. Or they can install water pipes to their homes and pay for clean drinking water, which most CANNOT afford to do. Distribution of toxic waste as fertilizer to farmers around its bottling facilities has created a PUBLIC HEALTH NIGHTMARE. The long term consequences of exposure to the toxic waste is not yet known and the worst is yet to come. Coca-Cola is committing crimes against humanity in
HUMAN RIGHTS SCENARIO IN
Another major problem facing the country is the caste system. Despite many commitments expressed by
The absence of justice also contributes to deeply entrenched poverty and starvation. The AHRC's studies on starvation deaths have revealed that there have been deaths caused by starvation even due to the negligence of magistrates who have particular responsibilities relating to these matters.
In short, the neglect of justice in
An Open Letter to the Honourable Prime Minister of
We, the concerned citizens, urge your government to support the resolution calling for a global moratorium on executions, at the 63rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). Supported by countries from all regions of the world, such a resolution would be an important milestone towards abolition of the death penalty in all countries.
We oppose the death penalty believing it to be a violation of the right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment. The death penalty legitimizes an irreversible act of violence by the state and will inevitably claim innocent victims, as has been persistently demonstrated.
A momentum is gathering to end capital punishment in all countries: 137 countries from all regions of the world have abolished the death penalty in law or in practice and only 25 countries carried out executions in 2006.
By adopting a resolution on a moratorium on executions, the UNGA will take a further, important step towards the fulfillment of the established UN goal of abolition of death penalty set out by the UNGA in 1977 (resolution 31/61 of 8 December 1977).
The vote on this resolution affords
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