S.O.S - eVoice For Justice - e-news weekly
Spreading the light of humanity & freedom
Editorial : SOS - APPEAL TO H.E.HONOURABLE PRESIDENT OF
- Vested Interests , Criminals silencing a journalist
Even after 62 years of
These corrupt public servants are more cruel than Jalianwallah Bagh butcher General Dyer of british army. If Mahatma Gandhi was alive today , he would have been disgusted with the present way of democratic government , functioning of public servants & would have died heart broken. If our freedom martyrs like sri.Bhagath Singh or Sri. Madan Lal Dingra or Sri.Subhash Chandra Bose would have been alive , they would have given a befitting reply to this corrupt police , corrupt judges , public servants.
Whenever , a commonman raises his voice for justice , he is silenced in various ways by the criminal nexus. The said criminal nexus has previously tried to silence me in many ways including attempts to murder , closure of newspaper , etc , now the same criminal nexus is at it again. They are trying to silence me , to close my newspaper , to foist false cases against me , all for asking the following QUESTIONS , which public servants are afraid to answer. Even if they succeed in silencing me , TRUTH NEVER DIES, THE COMPLICITY OF HIGHEST CONSTITUTIONAL FUNCTIONARIES IN COVERING-UP , HIDING CRIMES IS FOR ALL THERE TO SEE. If Anything untoward happens to me or my family members , both of you H.E.Honourable President of
Take two recent examples , in mysore a little kid of a villager was not properly attended to for nearly 15 days by any doctor in government K.R.Hospital , just for the reason that villager was unable to pay bribe. Finally the kid died in the hospital. Even in
Now , take another example how the flyover collapsed in
Now , the hard fact is that if one has money he can do anything & get away . at this juncture , disillusioned with the corrupt government system , the educated unemployed or victimized youths become a fertile ground for raising of anti social movements like naxalism , mafia or separatist movements , religious fundamentalists , etc. this has already happened in India.
This is an open appeal to your excellency & the honest few in public service , to check this growth & to take
Bihar type mob justice cases will become more frequent leading to
anarchy , rise of naxalism , terrorism & underworld in
When all the doors of justice are closed for a commonman ( sufferer of gross
injustices ) without financial might or contacts , he has the following options :
1. to take law into his own hands & settle scores. But it is illegal
although naturally justified .
2. to suffer more & more injustices reconciling to the fact , ground
reality that democracy in
Bapuji's dandi march- the origin of civil dis-obedience movement
It is on this day in 12/03/1930, mahatma gandhi led people to dandi in gujarath state,
Let us build ram rajya of mahatma's dream through non violent means within the existing democratic framework. Hereby , I call upon the public servants – police , judges , ministers , people’s representatives who have taken oath of office to stand by truth , whose offices are adorned by photographs of bapuji , who speak eloquently about gandhian virtues like truth , non violence , to SPEAK TRUTH THEMSELVES FIRST , TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS , TO TELL THE WORLD TRUTH ABOUT FOLLOWING ISSUES IMMEDIATELY :
CROSS EXAM OF HONOURABLE CHIEF JUSTICE OF
CROSS EXAM OF UNION HOME SECRETARY , GOI ,
CROSS EXAM OF DG&IG OF POLICE , GOK ,
CROSS EXAM OF GOVERNOR , RESERVE BANK OF
CROSS EXAM OF MUDA COMMISSIONER , MUDA ,
CROSS EXAM OF BDA COMMISSIONER , BDA ,
CORPORATE CRIMES RPG CABLES LIMITED
MEGA FRAUD BY GOVERNMENT OF
are you ready to catch tax thieves ?
MOBILE PHONES , CURRENCY SCANDALS
reliance industry where is accountability ?
crimes at infosys campus
crimes by B.D.A against a poor woman
crimes of land mafia in
currency thefts in RBI Press
killer colas & killer medicines of
Land scam in Karnataka – an appeal to honourable supreme court of India & H.E.Honourable Governor Of Karnataka
When a crime is noticed , it is the duty of the government to investigate who did it ? and to legally prosecute the Criminals in court & provide justice . if thousands of criminals , lakhs of criminals get together & do the same type of crimes , all of them must be legally prosecuted. Just for the overwhelming numbers of criminals law of the land cann't be changed. However in the Karnataka state , many political bigwigs , rich crooks have done the same crime , LAND GRABBING – illegal possession of government land & illegal constructions over it. Important land records of those government lands , lands belonging to poor are lost in record rooms of civic bodies ( cunningly destroyed by corrupt officials ) Now, their political masters are legalizing the crimes . what a shame to the Government of Karnataka ?
The shri.A.T. RAMA SWAMY , (M.L.A) standing committee in the Previous legislative assembly probed the land grabbings in Karnataka & gave it's report to the government . However the government in a hurry , is auctioning – off those government lands without proper publicity to the auction process , sufficient time for bidder's expression of interest. In some cases , a pittance is levied as penalty for the illegal occupation to get it legalized. The government is not bothered about legally prosecuting the illegal occupier of those lands. In many civic bodies , important property documents belonging to the government & poor are missing from the record rooms. All these point towards the government intention , to legalise the crimes of illegal land occupiers who are nothing but their own political cronies.
The recent decision by government of Karnataka to regularize illegal land deals / CRIMES is envisaging to legalize the crimes of rich. The illegal land conversions , land Encroachments , encroachment of civic amenities made by the rich are being legalized with levying a pittance as penalty in the name of public welfare . Whereas the land worth at today's market prices are 10's of thousands of crore it is only wefare of the rich & mighty . IT IS GOING TO BE MOTHER OF ALL SCAMS. The authorities evict poor tribal people from their ancestral forest area in the name of conservation , evict tribal people from villages in the name of development without proper rehabilitation measures. The government is not giving land rights to slum dwellers , poor , dalits over the land they are dwelling , the government is deaf to appeals of dalits for land rights. However the same government is sympathetic to rich who have encroached land & built huge commercial complexes worth crores violating all norms with total disregard to civic amenity or safety of their fellow countrymen.
Hereby ,e-voice appeals to honourable supreme court of
WEBSITE UNDER CENSOR
The powers that be are using the services of criminals & ISP internet service providers , to hack my website , e-mail account & to block the public from reading our newspaper . our website links are not at all opening. TRUTH CANN'T BE BURIED BURIED BY CENSOR BEWARE.
PRICOL VP MURDER , SATYAM CO FRAUD , SINGUR AGITATION & GRAZIONO CEO MASS MURDER
- An eye opener to irresponsible corporate
In last week , in the state of tamilnadu
In the same manner , the management of companies must be sensible to the genuine concerns of it's workers , it must properly balance the worker's concern & company's position . some of the managements enforce harsh rules on workers , o.k , the management personnel of those very same companies function without discipline , misuse company properties , siphons of company money , take commission from vendors , cheat the government of tax dues , violate environmental laws , tax laws , labor laws by bribing officials , etc. Finally this kills the organization as a whole – the end losers shareholders , lending banks , government & our economy.
The recent public agitation at singur west
Now , take the case of Graziono CEO mass murder in noida , it is nothing but fallout of hire & fire policies. Every human being works for survival , on his meager salary there will be family dependents , all of a sudden if a person is fired from service , his whole family will be on streets. O.k , all corporates nowadays preach & breath the mantra of USA , for everything be it infrastructure , flexible labour policies , it compares itself with those prevailing in the USA. Now , the corporate India is getting infrastructure at dirt free prices ( very high in the USA ) , has got hire & fire mechanism by employing contract labour , very lenient environmental norms , very lenient food & drugs safety rules , relaxation in Factory Act , ESI & PF acts , etc add to it the rampant corruption in all govt departments by which you can get any certificate for a price.
The lesson here for the government of
The lesson for corporate
Final word , when it comes to the question of survival , life , livelihood , it know no bounds . After all STRUGGLE FOR SUVIVAL is a basic animal instinct , it is a basic human right of every individual .
Six arrested for PRICOL VP Murder case
- by harsha subramaniam
Six sacked workers of Coimbatore-based auto component maker Pricol, who allegedly beat the HR head of the company to death, have been arrested. But this shocking incident reveals the deteriorating labour-management relations in the state.
The murder of 47-year-old Roy George, Vice President HR of Pricol, has sent shockwaves across the country. On Monday, 42 employees were sacked for deliberately disrupting production. Hearing this, seven of them attacked
Said Tamil Nadu Deputy Chief Minister MK Stalin, "Any form of violence is unacceptable and the law will take its own course, the case is investigated by the police."
But it is government's inaction that led to this situation in the first place says the management. The dispute began two years ago when one faction of workers led by Kumaraswamy, a Chennai based lawyer, created a parallel union and went on a strike. Calling the strike illegal, the management refused to recognise the faction. The management alleges that the workers-faction refused to negotiate and disrputed production that prompted the dismissal. Pricol Chairman and Managing Director Vijay Mohan said the government needs to play fair.
"For the management and the trade unions to function smoothly when there is a difference of opinion, when there is a rift, the government has to play a mediating role and in the mediating role they'll have to take a neutral stand. If the management is at fault they'll have to haul up the management. If the workers are at fault they have to haul up the workers." Mohan said.
Pricol is not a case in isolation. In the past few months, issue of recognising trade union has created similar disputes in Hyundai and MRF. So far, the state has been a mute spectator even as investors seek more labour friendly destinations.
CORPORATE ACCOUNTABILITY IN INDIA CORPORATE ACCOUNTABILITY Scandals related to the appalling practices of multinational corporations like Union Carbide (now DOW), Enron, Coke, Cadbury, and others may have shocked the nation and the world in the recent past, but the media rarely highlights corporate crimes that extend to murders, destroying habitats, threatening indigenous cultures, causing disease, contaminating the planet's food supply, poisoning our groundwater and even destroying the very air we breathe.
You think this is an exaggeration? Well consider this. In Bhopal, India more than 8,000 people died in the first three days after 40 tonnes of lethal gas spilled out from Union Carbide's pesticide factory in December 1984. People woke in their homes to fits of coughing, their lungs filling with fluid. 520,000 people were exposed to poisonous gases. 150,000 victims are chronically ill, and even now one person dies every two days. Union Carbide merged with Dow Chemical Corporation two years ago and has ceased to exist as an entity while the present owners Dow refuse to accept any pending liabilities in Bhopal including clean-up of the abandoned site.
Monsanto, one of the world's largest pesticide companies, continues to sell its genetically engineered seeds to farmers around the world despite growing evidence of failure of crops like Bt cotton, that has reduced once well-to-do farmers in the developing world to penury and poverty while the threat of contamination of indigenous species by GE seeds increases everyday.
Bayer AG, a German transnational continues to manufacture and sell phased out pesticides like Methyl Parathion (brand name Folidol/Metacid) in
Ship-owning companies (and indeed, their countries) like Bergesen (Norway), and Chandris (Greece) meanwhile, regularly violate international and national laws and dump their hazardous wastes at ship-breaking yards in India, Pakistan, China, Turkey and Bangladesh. The voluntary guidelines issued by International Marine Organisation are not enough and it is imperative that these guidelines are made mandatory to make the ship-owners liable and responsible.
In the era of globalization, multinational companies increasingly move around assets, products and wastes on a global chessboard to maximize their profits and minimize their costs. These companies are using differences and loopholes in national environmental and health laws for example to export pesticides and destructive technologies to poorer countries to the detriment of local communities. What international body oversees them, or sets rules for their behaviour, or holds them accountable when they transgress?
It is no longer just the conspiracy theorists who believe our world is increasingly ruled and ruined by large multinational corporations. The World Trade Organisation has supplanted environmental treaties and regulations. Corporations have become accountable only under the rules of a free market, free trade and a free for all on human rights and the environment.
The state of our environment has not improved, in fact it has deteriorated. The gap between the world's rich and poor has widened. Instead of providing developing countries with the tools for sustainable development, corporations have pushed their dirty technologies and polluting industries on to some of the world's poorest countries.
A recent UN report revealed that Exxon, with $63 billion, is worth more than
In the past ten years, corporations have not only resisted environmental challenges, they have lobbied to water down international treaties and even succeeded in getting countries to pull out of environmental agreements altogether. They have maintained their unsustainable practices in all sectors. It is apparent that more than just voluntary measures are needed to control these corporations.
A recent report by WWF states that if we continue at current levels of consumption we will use up all of the Earth's resources within 50 years, and we will need two more planets to meet our resource needs. We either take urgent action to save the planet, or we get off. The UN Environmental Programme agrees that "the state of the planet is getting worse." They say "there is a growing gap between the efforts of business and industry to reduce their impact on the environment and the worsening state of the planet."
At the root of our environmental problems are the unsustainable practices of the corporations that shape our economies. But what is the good of a short-term healthy economy if we can't drink the water, eat the foods in the fields or breathe the air?
Current systems of governance in
Corporations need to be held accountable for their actions that are destroying the planet, destroying people's lives around the globe. There is only one answer. We must stand up to the corporations. Our governments must agree on international, legally binding rules for corporate responsibility, accountability and liability: a set of rules that business must follow, and governments must enforce. The list of rules is long, but so are the crimes.
The world needs corporations to be held accountable to the following laws – no matter where they operate in the world. HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH is calling upon the Indian Government to endorse the Bhopal Principles on Corporate Responsibility, which call on Multinational Corporations to: • Accept liability for environmental damage and compensate victims of pollution; • Accept liability for the damage, no matter when it happens, what the cause or who in the corporation is responsible; • Accept responsibility for damage and injury beyond national borders including accidents in the oceans and atmosphere; • Ensure that they do not infringe upon basic human rights; • Disclose all information regarding releases into the environment to the public; • Protect human and social rights including the highest standards for rights to health care and a clean environment; • Avoid influence over governments, combat bribery and practice transparency; • Allow states to maintain their sovereignty over their own food supply; • Implement a precautionary principle and take preventative action before environmental damages or health effects are incurred; and • Promote and practice clean and sustainable development
Years back ,
WHY MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES ARE INVESTING IN
We condemn the brutal massacre by police on farmers – who are going to loss all their lands , sources.of livelihood for the sake of special economic zones , industrial parks , etc in various states of
In every mega projects undertaken by government , both the state government & central government have functioned like REAL ESTATE / COMMISSION AGENTS for the rich & mighty . the government says it is acquiring lands for development of industries , for public good. In reality there is only good of rich & mighty.
For forming S.E.Zs , corporates gets speedy single window approvals from government , lands at concessional rates – lower than market value , soft loans from Indian banks , tax exemptions for years from the government , dedicated power supply , etc , from the government . these corporates are even given free hand to raise share capital in the Indian market. the government has enacted flexible labour laws specifically for S.E.Zs , they can hire & fire without bothering to pay gratuity , etc and they are exempted from providing P.F / E.S.I coverage to their employees ie they need not worry about the occupational health hazards of their employees , they can employ them till they are fit & throw them on streets afterwards. These corporates take our own money, employ our own people , use our own natural resources & finally take away the net profits to their home countries – what they give back ? – environmental pollution , tax evasions , low paid occupational hazardous jobs to locals , stock market scams .
During Previous License Regime foreign, investment was not directly welcome in
They are not bringing in new production technologies in the areas like space research, nuclear energy, bio-technology, pharmaceuticals or pollution control, to
1. There is lack of comprehensive environmental norms.
2. The enforcement of environmental norms is lax.
3. The cost of health coverage, social security net to be provided to the workers exposed to the occupational hazards is less.
4. The cost of compensation to be paid to the persons-who died or suffered damages due to occupational hazards/environmental pollution is meager.
5. The enforcement of labour laws are lax.
6. Public money can be easily raised through lending Banks, primary market within
7. The tax can be evaded through various loopholes like transferring money to holding companies situated at
8. The tax can be evaded, company money can be cheated by lending money to sister / holding concerns at low interest rates or by selling shares, materials to their private companies at low rates or by buying shares, materials from their holding/sister concerns at exhorbitant rates, etc.
9. The corporate governance laws are almost absent in
10. Above all, the time can be bought by very slow Indian legal system, if any dispute arise.
11. On top of it, well trained, technically qualified people are available at low rates through contractors.
Just consider the following cases which highlight the apathy, irresponsibility of government of
2. The people living near the mines of R.E.M.P. in Kerala are suffering due to exposure to the radio active materials, Same is the case with the people of Jadaguda, Jharkhand, living near the U.C.I.L. plant. Both M/S R.E.M.P & M/s U.C.I.L are department of atomic energy enterprises.
3. Few years back, In
4. In 1984, U.S. based MNC union carbide mass murdered nearly 20,000 people, injured lakhs who are still suffering health problems. The polluted poisonous accident site i.e. Union carbide plant in
5. In the above union carbide disaster, the Government of
7. The medicines like nimesulide, paracetamol, etc. with hazardous side effects which are banned in U.S.A.& Europe, are easily marketed by the same U.S.& Europe based MNCs in India.
8. In India spurious drugs, medicines, food stuffs are easily marketed.
9. In India, the clinical trials of new medicines under research are done without proper compensation structure to those being tried upon ie. Virtual guinea pigs.
10. In India, the genetically engineered BT crops are being introduced without paying attention to formers, ecology or eco-system.
11. In India, during setting up of large projects, scant attention is paid to environment, eco-system & the displaced persons.
Most of the times, in government projects itself the displaced persons are cheated by the government in numerous ways.
12. In India, various Government as well as private hospitals dumps hospital wastes with deadly viruses in the open, with scant regard to public health.
13. In India, aged ships belonging to foreign countries are breaked down to scrap in ship breaking yards of Gujarath , Maharashtra & AP. Various toxins like the Asbestos, lead, etc & the hazardous, dirty water, Oil inside the ship are drained into Indian seashore. The labourers here are forced to work without any safety gears.
14. When specific cases of human rights violations were brought before the government & Judiciary by us , both of them didn't respond at all.
All the above cases highlight the fact that, government of India & Indian judiciary treats it's citizens lives as cheap, dispensable at will. This is the major attracting force for MNCs to
2. In 1985, Government of
3. The paradox of this "
4. In 1989, when an appeal about interim compensation to be paid by the U.C.I.L to all the victims was being heard in the apex court, the supreme court of India without giving a chance to the victims to make their point, without consulting them, without making a proper assessment of damages/losses, gave an arbitrary figure as verdict & dropped all civil, criminal proceedings against U.C.C.&U.C.I.L
5. In the same year 1989, the Government of India without consulting the victims of disaster, without making proper assessment of damages/ losses, negotiated a settlement with the U.C.C. and in turn gave full legal immunity to U.C.C.& U.C.I.L from civil & Criminal proceedings
6. Even the Government of
In the same way, the U.C.I.L has caused massive damages to Indians & refusing to pay commensurate to damages. Dow chemicals which took- over U.C.C. is also refusing to pay. DOW chemicals which is the new owner of U.C.C. naturally inherits both profits, credits lent & liabilities to pay of U.C.C. Still it is refusing to pay. Now it is the turn of Government of
CORPORATE CRIMINALS RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL ILLS IN
The recent raids by C.B.I & KARNATAKA LOKAYUKTHA have proved how the tax officials have become multi-millionaires. The sad part is that some of the police officials who are on deputation to C.B.I & LOKAYUKTHA themselves are utterly corrupt.
This scourge can only be cured by corporate accountability intoto. However , all the industrialists , traders who are demanding for more flexible labour reforms , economic reforms , infrastructure , etc are not at all concerned about their own accountability with respect to tax , environment , other laws. The MNCs coming to
However when a concerned citizen complains about the crimes of guilty corporates , organizations or corrupt public servants , immediate action is not taken. The file is kept pending for months , years together , allowing the criminals to manipulate all the evidences , records , ground situations. Finally even if action is taken guilty will be let out due to favorable evidences , there are chances that the concerned citizen himself is falsely implicated & put behind bars . in all such cases all the involved parties must be subjected to lie detector tests .
Bottomline : development is a must , it must be all around . but not at the cost of majority to make a few richer.
An appeal to honourable supreme court of USA & HE Honourable president of USA Mr.Obama
Your government protects all Americans, all American companies both inside
However , when an American company butchers , causes mass man slaughter in a third country , as an American company did in
Some US based companies are selling soft drinks , food products , medicines , drugs in third world countries , which are causing grave health damages to the public. The quality standards of these products are fit cases of rejections by
Hereby, I do request your kindself ,
1 . to initiate criminal prosecution against US based key management personnel responsible for
2 . to make either the respective company management or US government to pay compensation to victims of
3 . to order the management of the said company to clean up
4 . To legally prosecute US exporters & US based companies selling products ( which violates US FDA regulations or banned in the
Doctors Aiding Police to inflict 3rd degree Torture on detainees
By Stephen Lendman
In April 2009, a confidential February 2007 ICRC torture report was publicly released. Titled, "ICRC Report on the Treatment of Fourteen 'High Value Detainees' in CIA Custody," it detailed harsh and abusive treatment from their time of arrest, detention, transfer, and incarceration at
Besides detailed information on torture and abusive treatment, they obtained damning, consistent detainee accounts of medical personnel involvement, including:
-- their monitoring of and direct participation in torture procedures;
-- instructing interrogators to continue, adjust, or stop certain ones;
-- informing detainees that medical treatment depended on their cooperation;
-- performing medical checks before and after each transfer; and
-- treating the effects of torture as well as ailments and injuries during incarceration.
Condoning or participating in torture grievously breaches medical ethics and the 1975 World Medical Association (WMA) Declaration of
-- in all cases at all times, "physician(s) shall not countenance, condone or participate in" torture or any other form of abuse;
-- they "shall not use nor allow to be used (their) medical knowledge or skills, or health information" to aid interrogation in any way;
-- they "shall not be present during any procedure during which torture or any other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment is used or threatened;"
-- they "must have complete clinical independence" in treating persons for whom they're medically responsible; and
-- WMA encourages the international community and fellow physicians to support medical professionals who face "threats or reprisals resulting from a refusal to condone" all forms of torture and abuse.
Protocol I of the 1949
"Persons engaged in medical activities shall neither be compelled to perform acts or to carry out work contrary to, nor be compelled to refrain from acts required by, the rules of medical ethics or other rules designed for the benefit of the wounded and sick, or this Protocol."
On July 7, 2005 in the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Gregg Bloche and Jonathan Marks published an article titled, "Doctors and Interrogators at Guantanamo Bay" in which they cited evidence that "Health information (was) routinely available to behavioral science consultants and others" engaged in interrogations, in violation of strict medical ethics.
In early 2003, detainee medical records were readily available, and since late 2002, psychiatrists and psychologists were involved in crafting extreme stress techniques "combined with behavior-shaping rewards to extract actionable intelligence from resistant captives."
"Wholesale disregard for clinical confidentiality" seriously breaches medical ethics "since it makes every caregiver into an accessory to intelligence gathering." It also "puts prisoners at greater risk for serious abuse."
In July 2006, the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) published a report titled, "Report on Torture and Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment of Prisoners at
Detainee Othman Abdulraheem Mohammad was told that medical treatment would depend on his cooperation. Lakhdar Boumediene said every time he requested care he was told to ask permission from his interrogators. They "controlled his access, (and it) was granted or denied based on the interrogator's assessment of his level of cooperation."
Bosnian prisoner medical records confirmed that medical staff were present during their interrogations "and authorized (them) to proceed."
Medical personnel monitored Mohammed al Qahtani's interrogation during nearly two months of "severe sleep deprivation and physical stress." At one point, they rushed him to the base hospital when his heart rate dropped dangerously low. After stabilization, they returned him the next day for more interrogation.
Other prisoners described doctors performing unnecessary and abusive procedures, including forced amputations, after which they were denied proper treatment.
Psychiatrists and psychologists designed "extreme interrogation techniques as part of the Behavioral Science Consultation Team (BSCT)." In late 2002, it was tasked "to torment detainees in interrogations...."
International and US Laws Prohibiting Torture
Numerous international and
The Third Geneva Convention covers war prisoners and detainees. It prohibits torture and protects their right to be treated humanely against "violence to life and person (and) humiliating and degrading treatment" as well as to judicial fairness and proper medical treatment. The Fourth Geneva Convention affords the same rights to civilians in times of war.
The federal anti-torture statute (18 USC, 2340A) prohibits its use outside the
The 1991 Torture Victims Protection Act authorizes civil suits in
The 1984 UN Convention Against Torture bans all forms of torture, cruel and degrading treatment in all circumstances at all times with no exceptions ever allowed.
The US Constitution's Fifth, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments prohibit cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment.
The US Army's Field Manual 27-10 states that military or civilian persons may be punished for committing war crimes (that include abusive interrogations) under international law. Army Field Manual 34-52 outlines interrogation procedures and specifically prohibits force, mental torture, threats, and inhumane treatment.
The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) bans cruelty, oppression, actions intended to degrade or humiliate, and physical, menacing, and threatening assaults. Army Regulation (AR) 190-8 protects detainees from violence, assaults, and insults, and directs that they be treated humanely with respect.
The 1996 US War Crimes Act prohibits grave Geneva Convention breaches, including (as stipulated under Common Article III) "violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture (as well as) outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment."
Other binding international laws also prohibit torture, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the 1992 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights with no exceptions or justifications allowed, such as orders by field commanders, Pentagon officials, or the President of the United States.
Physicians for Human Rights (PHR)
Founded in 1986, PHR "mobilizes health professionals to advance health, dignity, and justice and promotes the right to health for all." It also "investigates human rights abuses and works to stop them" in conflict zones, US prisons, and offshore detention facilities where torture is routinely practiced.
In 2005, it published a report titled, "Break Them Down: Systematic Use of Psychological Torture by US Forces," which it called the first comprehensive examination of "the use of psychological torture by US personnel in the so-called 'war on terror,' " including sensory deprivation, prolonged isolation, sleep deprivation, forced nudity, using fierce dogs to instill fear, cultural and sexual humiliation, mock executions, and threatened violence against loved ones.
It called the effects devastating and longer-lasting than physical torture, and said psychological abuse is morally reprehensible and illegal under international and US law.
In August 2009, PHR published a new report titled, "Aiding Torture: Health Professionals' Ethics and Human Rights Violations Revealed in the May 2004 CIA Inspector General's Report," including ethical misconduct not previously known. It revealed the role of health professionals involved "at every stage in the development, implementation and legitimization of this torture program."
It explained that doctors and psychologists actively participated in abusive interrogations and contributed to the physical and mental suffering of detainees. It called their actions "an unconscionable affront to the profession of medicine," made worse by experimenting on inmates, then "aggregat(ing) data on (their) reaction to interrogation methods."
PHR's Steven Reisner said "They were experimenting and keeping records of the results," a war crime under
-- that inflict "unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury;"
-- if there's "an a priori reason to believe death or disabling injury will occur;" and
-- from being implemented if there's reason to believe they'll cause "injury, disability, or death to the experimental subject."
PHR's report detailed the psychological and medical effects:
-- forced shaving inflicts psychological harm "by means of humiliation, both personal and religious;"
-- hooding disorients and causes acute anxiety depression, depersonalization, and abnormal behavior;
-- dietary manipulation inflicts discomfort and psychological stress;
-- prolonged diapering causes physical and psychological stress and harm;
-- walling inflicts physical injuries as well as psychological stress, rage, and helplessness;
-- confinement in a box in extreme stress positions causes extreme physical and psychological pain and trauma; and
-- other abuses, including waterboarding that simulates drowning and the feeling of helplessness to prevent it.
Involvement of Medical Professionals
They help develop, implement, provide cover for, and justify torture and abusive practices. They're actively involved in designing harmful interrogation techniques in clear violation of the law and medical ethics. They're "complicit in selecting and then rationalizing (methods) whose safety and efficacy in eliciting accurate information have no valid basis in science." Their actions constitute "a practice that approaches unlawful experimentation."
CIA guidelines require health professionals, including a doctor and psychologist, to be present during enhanced interrogations, "thereby placing (them) in the untenable position of calibrating harm rather than serving as protectors and healers as" their ethical code demands.
They also participate in initial physical and psychological assessments, then monitor all subsequent interrogations. They know their actions are harmful, unethical, and illegal, yet they serve willingly.
PHR believes they should be investigated on charges of "alleged criminal conduct." Those proved guilty should be prosecuted, lose their license, professional society memberships, and any standing in the medical community henceforth.
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